Insights from Our Experts

Power Sector Transformation Advances, With Choices, Questions, and Big Opportunities

By Richard Sedano
As we head into the New Year, RAP’s U.S. team will be devoting more time to a broad set of issues known as “power sector transformation.” Power sector transformation in the United States will affect the way many of us interact with the grid, from the smallest customer to the largest electric grid operator. As I see it, this transformation will manifes... Read More

Nie uciekniemy od inteligentnych sieci

By Jan Rączka
Budowa inteligentnych sieci i zarządzane popytem powinny być priorytetami. Z jednej strony zmusi nas do tego polityka Komisji Europejskiej, z drugiej - mogą one sprawić, że mało elastyczny polski system energetyczny będzie bardziej efektywny. W latach 2008-13 inteligentne sieci energetyczne były postrzegane w Polsce jako przełomowa, innowacyjna techno... Read More

Power Sector Modernisation and Market Design in Poland

The Polish power sector is at a pivotal moment. It faces a number of challenges stemming from the profile of its power system, rising demand for power during summer peaks, and increasing penetration of renewable resources on the system. Its largely homogenous fleet of inflexible, aging thermal plants struggles to meet system needs during times of highest system s... Read More

Efficiency First for Germany’s Energiewende

Germany’s “Energiewende” (Energy Transition) represents a national commitment to meet aggressive economy-wide decarbonisation targets and to transform the German power sector from a reliance on nuclear and coal to renewable resources within the next four decades. Germany is unique in the European Union in arriving at a consensus among ruling and opposition ... Read More

Integrating Renewable Energy into Power Systems in China: The Importance of Good Planning

Beginning in the 1970s, the U.S. electricity industry experienced a wrenching transformation from a sector characterized by high growth to one focused on reliability, economic efficiency, and environmental performance. The contemporary building blocks of electricity planning in the United States emerged during this time period. Despite changes in the industry... Read More

Energy Efficiency Collaboratives, In All Shapes and Sizes, Can Help State PUCs

Most energy proceedings are convened before a state public utility commission, and offer few opportunities for consumers and other stakeholders to participate. However, collaboratives provide an effective opportunity for multiple stakeholders to discuss a variety of issues in a constructive environment. Collaboratives are distinctly applicable to energy efficienc... Read More

Put the Horse Before the Cart: Align Clean Power Plan Compliance with State Energy Goals

By Ken Colburn, Christopher James
Most states are still sorting through the details of EPA’s Clean Power Plan (CPP) final rule. Given its significant, though generally positive, departure from the proposed rule, and EPA’s initial plan submittal deadline of September 6, 2016, states might justifiably feel squeezed between a plethora of new questions and fast-approaching deadlines. States th... Read More

Bring Your Economy into the 21st Century: Tackling CO2 with Cap-and-Invest

By David Farnsworth
As they consider how to comply with EPA’s Clean Power Plan (CPP), many states are reaching a growing consensus that mass-based programs with regional trading—“cap-and-trade”—could drive compliance costs down. A related mass-based approach—one with which states may be less familiar—is known as “cap-and-invest.” It uses the revenues from allowa... Read More


By Christopher James
自2011年起,中国政府在制定综合全面的空气质量规划方面取得了巨大的进步,不仅采用了新的空气质量和排放标准、部署了上千个空气质量监测仪、制定了严格的空气质量改善目标,而且最近修订的大气法中更是包含了对于违规的企业实行“按日计罚”等措施。 制定标准是... Read More

Effective Permitting System Needed to Secure Air Quality Gains in China

By Christopher James
Since 2011, the Chinese government has made significant progress in developing comprehensive air quality plans, by adopting new ambient air quality and emission standards, deploying more than 1,000 new air quality monitors, and establishing stringent air quality improvement targets. Most recently, the National People’s Congress amended China's Air Law, includin... Read More