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Report October 31, 2017

Policy and Regulation to Support Energy Efficiency as a Power Sector Resource in China

By David Crossley, Wang Xuan

Energy efficiency is a cost-effective alternative to investing in supply-side resources, such as building power plants and expanding the electricity grid. Using energy efficiency as a power system resource is particularly important in China, where air pollution from coal-fired power plants is a large and growing problem. Energy efficiency can do double duty: it...

Energy Efficiency and Demand Response Download View Summary
Report September 12, 2017

Next-Generation Performance-Based Regulation: Emphasizing Utility Performance to Unleash Power Sector Innovation

By David Littell, Camille Kadoch, Philip Baker, Ranjit Bharvirkar, Max Dupuy, Brenda Hausauer, Carl Linvill, Janine Migden-Ostrander, Jan Rosenow, Wang Xuan, Owen Zinaman, Jeffrey Logan

Performance-based regulation (PBR) enables regulators to reform 100-year-old regulatory structures to unleash innovations within 21st century power systems. Our current electric system is built upon an old regulatory paradigm that ensured safe and reliable electricity at reasonable prices from capital-intensive electricity monopolies. Today, disruptive technologi...

Regulation and Governance, Role of Utilities Download View Summary
Discussion Draft July 5, 2016

Issues in China Power Sector Reform: Generator Dispatch

By Fredrich (Fritz) Kahrl, Max Dupuy, Wang Xuan

In most countries of the world, power generation dispatch is done on an “economic” basis. In China, however, grid companies use dispatch methods that often are not based on an economic approach. This is a major obstacle to meeting China’s clean energy, air quality, and economic goals. It has led to high curtailment of wind, solar, and hydro power, while les...

Integrating Renewable Energy Download View Summary
Report October 26, 2015

Integrating Renewable Energy Into Power Systems in China: A Technical Primer – Electricity Planning

By Fredrich (Fritz) Kahrl, Wang Xuan

This paper, part of a series of primers on the economic, institutional, political, and technological challenges of integrating renewable energy into power systems in China, focuses on electricity system planning. It explores the various electricity planning processes in China, centered around five-year planning, and their links to national industrial policy. It r...

Energy Efficiency and Demand Response, Grid-Scale Renewables, Regulation and Governance, Role of Regulatory Institutions, Transmission Planning Download View Summary
Report December 24, 2014

Integrating Renewables into Power Systems in China: A Technical Primer – Power System Operations

By Fredrich (Fritz) Kahrl, Wang Xuan

Power systems in China evolved in response to economic, social, and political forces that were very different from those in other countries. Many of these practices — designed around rigid, long-term planning for heavy industrial demand and baseload coal generation — will need to change to accommodate the increasingly diverse needs of a dynamic economy and th...

Distributed Generation, Grid-Scale Renewables, Transmission Planning Download View Summary
Report November 11, 2014

需求响应对电力系统的经济价值

By Wang Xuan

需求响应对中国并不陌生,90年代已经开始通过行政、经济和技术手段对部分终端用户负荷进行控制。传统的需求响应项目主要以有序用电方式来缓解电力供应紧张的情况,应对电力突发事件。具体的措施有错峰、避峰、限电、拉闸。除了有序用电,一些地区还制定了较为完善...

Demand Response, Energy Efficiency and Demand Response, Grid-Scale Renewables Download View Summary
Report December 14, 2012

设计和实施强制性节能政策的国际经验

By David Crossley, John Gerhard, Eoin Lees, Camille Kadoch, Edith Pike-Biegunska, Wang Xuan, Elizabeth Watson, Nancy Wasserman, Anna Sommer

这篇文章是睿博能源智库关于强制性节能政策(EEO)综合报告中对最佳实践的总结。世界各国政府一直努力通过设计和实施一些强制性节能政策提高终端能源利用效率,并实现其他相关的目标。这些机制要求能源供应商例如电力和燃气公司通过帮助用户实施终端节能措施来实...

Energy Efficiency and Demand Response, Energy Efficiency Program Design, Grid-Scale Renewables Download View Summary
Report July 20, 2012

Best Practices in Designing and Implementing Energy Efficiency Obligation Schemes – Executive Summary

By David Crossley, John Gerhard, Eoin Lees, Camille Kadoch, Edith Pike-Biegunska, Wang Xuan, Elizabeth Watson, Nancy Wasserman, Anna Sommer

This document is a summary that presents the best practices identified in a comprehensive RAP report on energy efficiency obligations (EEOs). Governments in various jurisdictions around the world have endeavored to improve end-use energy efficiency, and in some cases also achieve other objectives, by designing and implementing EEO schemes. These schemes require e...

Energy Efficiency and Demand Response, Energy Efficiency Program Design, Grid-Scale Renewables Download View Summary
Report May 1, 2012

Best Practices in Designing and Implementing Energy Efficiency Obligation Schemes

By David Crossley, John Gerhard, Eoin Lees, Camille Kadoch, Edith Pike-Biegunska, Wang Xuan, Elizabeth Watson, Nancy Wasserman, Anna Sommer

An energy efficiency obligation (EEO) is a regulatory mechanism that requires obligated parties to meet quantitative energy saving targets by delivering or procuring eligible energy savings produced by implementing approved end-use energy efficiency measures. Governments in various jurisdictions around the world have endeavored to improve end-use energy efficienc...

Energy Efficiency and Demand Response, Energy Efficiency Program Design, Grid-Scale Renewables Download View Summary