Our Impact

China’s power sector—the largest in the world— has seen dramatic growth in renewable energy resources and energy efficiency. However, coal still accounts for the lion’s share of electricity generation, and China’s power sector alone accounts for a quarter of annual global coal consumption. Getting to a clean energy future requires overcoming major policy and regulatory barriers.

The RAP team has been deeply engaged with China’s energy sector since 1999. We tailor cutting-edge solutions for China, drawing on our hands-on expertise in Europe, the United States, India, and other regions. Our efforts span the breadth of China’s challenges and opportunities—increasing energy efficiency, improving resource planning, integrating renewables into the grid, reducing air pollution, and designing markets and emissions trading regimes—as it seeks to transform its power sector and meet aggressive environmental goals.


Our Focus

In early 2015, Chinese leaders outlined a broad plan to transform the power sector, to put it on a sustainable, clean trajectory over the coming decades. The vision embraces much of what RAP and its partners, both local and international, have been advancing in our collaborations with policymakers over the years. RAP supports the reform effort by helping policymakers build institutional capacity and develop effective regulatory practices to execute against policy goals. We offer technical assistance and policy advice to decision-makers, provide training to regulatory agencies and utilities, support forward-thinking research, and inform public discussion.

From the Knowledge Center

Get our latest in-depth analysis and practical solutions to today's energy challenges.

Report November 7, 2017

China’s Power Sector and Air Quality Reforms: Global Lessons on Getting Institutional Responsibilities Right

By Christopher James Read now
Report October 31, 2017

Policy and Regulation to Support Energy Efficiency as a Power Sector Resource in China

By David Crossley, Wang Xuan Read now
Report September 12, 2017

Next-Generation Performance-Based Regulation: Emphasizing Utility Performance to Unleash Power Sector Innovation

By David Littell, Camille Kadoch, Philip Baker, Ranjit Bharvirkar, Max Dupuy, Brenda Hausauer, Carl Linvill, Janine Migden-Ostrander, Jan Rosenow, Wang Xuan, Owen Zinaman, Jeffrey Logan Read now
Report April 12, 2017

Market-based Instruments for Energy Efficiency: Policy Choice and Design

By International Energy Agency Read now
Journal Article January 19, 2017

Follow the Missing Money: Ensuring Reliability at Least Cost to Consumers in the Transition to a Low-Carbon Power System

By Michael Hogan Read now
Policy Brief December 27, 2016

碳市场设计讨论专题 改善电力调度机制 助力全国碳市场发挥功效

By Max Dupuy, Ang Li Read now
Policy Brief December 27, 2016

Topics in Carbon Market Design: Power Sector Dispatch Reform and China’s National ETS

By Max Dupuy, Ang Li Read now
Presentation December 9, 2016

Regional Air Quality Planning: Energy and Air Quality Integration

By Frederick Weston Read now
Report October 29, 2016

RGGI Program Review: A Model to Reduce Regulatory Uncertainty in Carbon Planning

By David Farnsworth, David Littell, Christopher James, Kelly Speakes-Backman Read now
Policy Brief October 18, 2016


By Hu Junfeng Read now
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