Our Impact

China’s power sector—the largest in the world— has seen dramatic growth in renewable energy resources and energy efficiency. However, coal still accounts for the lion’s share of electricity generation, and China’s power sector alone accounts for a quarter of annual global coal consumption. Getting to a clean energy future requires overcoming major policy and regulatory barriers.

The RAP team has been deeply engaged with China’s energy sector since 1999. We tailor cutting-edge solutions for China, drawing on our hands-on expertise in Europe, the United States, India, and other regions. Our efforts span the breadth of China’s challenges and opportunities—increasing energy efficiency, improving resource planning, integrating renewables into the grid, reducing air pollution, and designing markets and emissions trading regimes—as it seeks to transform its power sector and meet aggressive environmental goals.


Our Focus

In early 2015, Chinese leaders outlined a broad plan to transform the power sector, to put it on a sustainable, clean trajectory over the coming decades. The vision embraces much of what RAP and its partners, both local and international, have been advancing in our collaborations with policymakers over the years. RAP supports the reform effort by helping policymakers build institutional capacity and develop effective regulatory practices to execute against policy goals. We offer technical assistance and policy advice to decision-makers, provide training to regulatory agencies and utilities, support forward-thinking research, and inform public discussion.

From Our Blog

RAP's experts highlight policy, regulatory, and market solutions to accelerate the clean energy transition.

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Emissions Performance Standard Could Improve Environmental Outcomes and Complement China’s Electricity Market Transition

The electricity sector components of China’s 13th Five Year Plan reaffirm and strengthen previous commitments to establish electricity markets and to eliminate the generation quota system. The Chinese government has also committed to further reducing air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, as with the target to reduce JingJinJi PM2.5 emissions in 2020 by 25... By Christopher James


设计和实施竞争性的电力批发市场并不容易。即使是对电力市场拥有长期经验的欧洲,仍然需要解决很多问题。大规模发展可再生能源的目标,在欧洲政策者起初转向自由电力市场的时候几乎还不存在,而现在已成为新的挑战。 欧盟对能源未来的愿景中,包括了建立对新的... By Max Dupuy

From the Knowledge Center

Get our latest in-depth analysis and practical solutions to today's energy challenges.

Presentation December 9, 2016

Regional Air Quality Planning: Energy and Air Quality Integration

By Frederick Weston Read now
Policy Brief October 18, 2016


By Hu Junfeng Read now
Presentation September 11, 2016

Regional Air Quality Planning: Energy and Air Quality Integration

By Christopher James Read now
Policy Brief August 29, 2016

Capturing Win-Win Energy Efficiency and Air Quality Improvement Projects

By Christopher James, Bob Taylor Read now
Report August 22, 2016

Air Emissions Source Permitting Programs in the United States and European Union: Lessons for China

By Clean Air Alliance China, Energy Foundation China Read now
Report August 22, 2016

美国和欧盟的排放源排污许可证制度: 中国可借鉴的经验 (节选)

By Clean Air Alliance China, Energy Foundation China Read now
Discussion Draft July 5, 2016

Issues in China Power Sector Reform: Generator Dispatch

By Fredrich (Fritz) Kahrl, Max Dupuy, Wang Xuan Read now
Policy Brief May 31, 2016


By Christopher James, Bob Taylor Read now
Report May 25, 2016


By Chris Neme, Jim Grevatt Read now
Report April 25, 2016

The Future Electricity Grid: Key Questions and Considerations for Developing Countries

By Ranjit Bharvirkar, Bharath Jairaj, Sarah Martin, Josh Ryor, Shantanu Dixit, Ashwin Gambhir, Aditya Chunekar, Gilberto Jannuzzi, Samat Sukenaliev, Tao Wang Read now
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