Jim Lazar provided the Burbank City Council with a condensed overview of recommended practices for addressing the challenges faced by Burbank Water and Power in integrating higher levels of variable renewable energy sources. In just over ten minutes, Mr. Lazar guided the Council through ten strategies for utilizing existing technologies to meet steep ramping requirements as variable energy supplies fluctuate over the course of a day. These low-carbon strategies “flatten the duck’s belly,” referring to the duck-silhouette load shape created in the afternoon as solar displaces more traditional generating sources. Aligning the loads to resources, and vice versa, enhances system reliability and reduces capital and fuel costs. The resulting load shape is easier to serve than the projected load would have been, even without the addition of renewable resources. Watch Mr. Lazar’s presentation entitled Teaching the Duck to Fly.