In a guest lecture at Wesleyan University on October 25, 2012, Senior Associate Chris James presented China’s plans to improve air quality to an audience of students, faculty, and the general public. Mr. James outlined the nation’s goal to improve air quality significantly by 2015 by reducing multiple pollutants and restructuring the nation’s energy sector. His presentation explores China’s growth from both an enviromental and an economic perspective, while identifying the indicators that compelled the country to increase its environmental and public health awareness. These factors, viewed against similar developments in the US, help us to understand how China will look in 2030 and what we might learn from China, and vice versa.