Speaking at Western Washington University, Christopher James described the major air pollution challenges facing China and applied experiences from the U.S. and Europe to China’s energy sector. He underscored that the foundations are being laid for significant air quality improvement in the country, but achieving clean air in China will take time, money, concerted effort, and enforcement. Pivotal to this process will be continuity in energy and air policies, consistent implementation and enforcement of these policies, as well as public input and involvement.