After the release of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s final Clean Power Plan, states are beginning to plan in earnest for compliance. Despite no longer being one of EPA’s “building blocks” for compliance, energy efficiency is a key strategy in crafting a low-cost, low-risk compliance plan. In a presentation at the Energy Services Coalition’s Market Transformation Conference, Ken Colburn explored the implications of the final rule and discussed recommended compliance pathways. He encouraged energy service stakeholders to engage with states, trade associations, and the regional EPA offices to promote energy efficiency, to comment to EPA on the proposed rules and the draft evaluation, measurement, and verification guidance, and to focus on regional, multi-pollutant solutions.