At the 4th German Norwegian Energy Conference, Andreas Jahn addressed the role of flexible resources and balancing power to achieve energy security. The need to ensure the uninterrupted availability of energy sources at an affordable price has taken on renewed importance in light of the Energiewende, Germany’s transition to a high penetration of renewable resources. Quoting a price tag of EUR 3-7 billion to secure supply on a national basis, the European Commission encourages connected markets. The power cable between Norway and Germany, for example, would enable market coupling for short and long term trading of energy, renewable energy sources (RES), balancing services, and security of supply across their borders. This interconnection allows generation capacity to be shared, and allows peaking or flexible capacity – including demand side participation – to recover its costs from more than one national market. The revenue would consist of payments from the energy only market, the balancing and reserve market, and a future capability market.