Carl Linvill spoke at the Annual Policy Conference of the National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO) about the growing need to recognize energy efficiency, demand response, and distributed generation as grid resources. As the adoption of variable renewable energy sources in the US increases, utilities are finding that traditional base generation is often poorly matched to net load. Market structures and planning methods can be modified to account for the capabilities and load modification characteristics of these three low-carbon strategies, in order to help ease the transition to a more transactive grid. State energy offices can support this process by convening a broad set of stakeholders for discussions on emerging infrastructure and resource technologies. They are also in a position to provide valuable data and information to regulators, planners, and legislators.