At the 15th ERRA Summer School in Budapest, Ranjit Bharvirkar spoke about the regulatory challenges faced by developing countries and explored the governance and regulatory frameworks in the U.S. and India. The Summer School is a week-long course organized annually by the Energy Regulators’ Regional Association, an organization dedicated to supporting regulators, with members in 30 countries. This year’s program welcomed 40 participants from 18 countries.

These framework slides draw upon forthcoming edited volume entitled Mapping Power: The Political Economy of Electricity Distribution in India’s States.


  • Sunila Kale (professor, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA)
  • Navroz Dubash (senior fellow, Centre for Policy Research, Delhi, India)
  • Ranjit Bharvirkar (India program director, RAP, USA)

Authors of State Case Studies: