Teaching the Duck to Fly in Athens
The European Community Regulatory Board invited Mike Hogan to present RAP’s “teaching the duck to fly” concept to national energy regulators from the central and eastern European Member States. As illustrated in a duck-shaped load curve, an increase in wind and solar photovoltaics requires steep afternoon ramping. Mr. Hogan demonstrates ten strategies to “straighten the duck” by flattening the load and introducing resources that can deliver more output during the afternoon high-load hours. The strategies use existing technologies to align loads and resources, thus accommodating higher percentages of variable renewable energy sources.