Climate-friendly air quality management refers to techniques, policies, and regulations that promote concurrent reductions of criteria and toxic pollutants and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Recent studies have shown that significant benefits can be achieved through integrating climate change mitigation and air quality improvement efforts. Recognizing the linkages between controlling local air pollution and GHGs can help air regulators leverage the political momentum and financial resources that currently back the low-carbon agenda. An air quality action plan that is designed to simultaneously achieve significant reductions in GHGs can contribute to meeting climate change goals, can offer more benefit to the broader society, and can stand to garner greater support across government agencies and sectors. This paper explores the implications of the May 11, 2010 Regional Air Quality Management Rule (RAQM) and presents a range of information and policy options to help local, regional, and central-level air quality planners in China and around the world.