Our Impact

Europe’s energy system is as diverse as its culture, with broad differences across the continent in the way electricity is produced, transmitted, sold, and consumed. The EU’s Energy Union envisions a more integrated, secure, affordable, and climate-friendly power sector for all EU Member States and neighboring states, but the political and technical challenges are substantial.

RAP’s international team of experts includes former U.S. and European officials and utility managers who understand these challenges and the heavy lifting it will take to overcome them. Our team develops holistic policies in partnership with EU and Member State policymakers, NGOs, and industry experts. Tools and complementary policies developed by RAP, in collaboration with our partners, are unleashing the power of larger, well-designed markets, driving investment in large-scale deployment of low-carbon supply, storage, demand-side resources, and needed infrastructure.

Our Focus

At the EU level, our team advises the European Commission, Parliament, regulatory authorities, and NGOs on the Internal Energy Market, "Efficiency First," and complementary policies for both the energy sector and climate and environmental regulation. We also help individual Member States, including Germany, Poland, and the U.K., to develop sustainable, effective tools to meet their power sector challenges.

From Our Blog

RAP's experts highlight policy, regulatory, and market solutions to accelerate the clean energy transition.

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From the Knowledge Center

Get our latest in-depth analysis and practical solutions to today's energy challenges.


Equity in the energy transition: Who pays and who benefits?

By Louise Sunderland, Andreas Jahn, Michael Hogan, Jan Rosenow, Richard Cowart Read now
Policy Brief

Response to ENTSO-E public consultation on cross-border participation in capacity mechanisms

By Christos Kolokathis, Philip Baker Read now

Principles for smart heat electrification

By Jan Rosenow, Richard Lowes Read now
Presentation March 10, 2020

The evolution of distribution networks toward decentralised (renewable) energy system

By Andreas Jahn Read now
Policy Brief February 27, 2020

ENTSO-E public consultation on ERAA: Response to questions

By Christos Kolokathis Read now
Policy Brief

Kommentierung: Spitzenlastglättung nach § 14a EnWG

By Andreas Jahn, Alexandra Langenheld, Thorsten Lenck, Urs Maier Read now
Presentation February 25, 2020

Performance-based regulation

By Zsuzsanna Pató Read now

Integrating electric vehicles into Turkey’s distribution grids

By Değer Saygin, Osman Bülent Tör, Saeed Teimourzadeh, Mehmet Koç, Julia Hildermeier, Christos Kolokathis Read now

Market reform options for a reliable, cost-efficient and decarbonised Italian power system

By Christos Kolokathis, Michael Hogan Read now
Policy Brief

Distribution grid planning for a successful energy transition – Focus on electromobility

By Urs Maier, Frank Peter, Andreas Jahn, Julia Hildermeier Read now
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