Our Impact

China’s power sector—the largest in the world— has seen dramatic growth in renewable energy resources and energy efficiency. However, coal still accounts for the lion’s share of electricity generation, and China’s power sector alone accounts for a quarter of annual global coal consumption. Getting to a clean energy future requires overcoming major policy and regulatory barriers.

The RAP team has been deeply engaged with China’s energy sector since 1999. We tailor cutting-edge solutions for China, drawing on our hands-on expertise in Europe, the United States, India, and other regions. Our efforts span the breadth of China’s challenges and opportunities—increasing energy efficiency, improving resource planning, integrating renewables into the grid, reducing air pollution, and designing markets and emissions trading regimes—as it seeks to transform its power sector and meet aggressive environmental goals.


Our Focus

In early 2015, Chinese leaders outlined a broad plan to transform the power sector, to put it on a sustainable, clean trajectory over the coming decades. The vision embraces much of what RAP and its partners, both local and international, have been advancing in our collaborations with policymakers over the years. RAP supports the reform effort by helping policymakers build institutional capacity and develop effective regulatory practices to execute against policy goals. We offer technical assistance and policy advice to decision-makers, provide training to regulatory agencies and utilities, support forward-thinking research, and inform public discussion.

From the Knowledge Center

Get our latest in-depth analysis and practical solutions to today's energy challenges.

Policy Brief November 11, 2022


By Regulatory Assistance Project Read now
Report November 14, 2022

A policy toolkit for global mass heat pump deployment

By Richard Lowes, Duncan Gibb, Jan Rosenow, Samuel Thomas, Matt Malinowski, Alexia Ross, Peter Graham Read now
Policy Brief


By Wang Xuan Read now
Policy Brief April 18, 2022


By Max Dupuy, Lars Møllenbach Bregnbæk, Luis Boscán Read now
Policy Brief March 30, 2022


By Max Dupuy, Wang Xuan, Fredrich (Fritz) Kahrl Read now
Policy Brief November 8, 2021


By Regulatory Assistance Project Read now
Policy Brief November 4, 2021


By Max Dupuy, Wang Xuan Read now
Policy Brief July 28, 2021


By Fredrich (Fritz) Kahrl, Wang Xuan Read now
Policy Brief May 26, 2021

Road Map for Power Sector Transition and Coal Generation Retirement in Northwest China: Policy and Regulatory Strategies

By Regulatory Assistance Project Read now
Policy Brief May 26, 2021

中国西北地区电力行业转型和煤电退出路线图: 政策和监管策略

By Regulatory Assistance Project Read now
Browse All Research