As they electrify their transportation sectors, states will need to consider how best to incorporate electric vehicles, electric buses, and other vehicles using electricity as fuel into the way they fund transportation sector construction and maintenance. In recent years, various taxes and other mechanisms have been unable to keep up with transportation infrastructure costs. These mechanisms are also designed largely without regard for the ways bridge and road­way costs are incurred.

This policy brief, originally an appendix to Beneficial Electrification of Transportation, looks at how transportation infrastructure has been funded and recommends how states can improve on that track record as they consider how the addition of electrified transport will contribute to maintaining and improving our transportation infrastructure.