Insights from Our Experts

RAP Signs Letter of Agreement with the Polish Energy Regulatory Office

Innovative power, innovative regulation Regulatory Assistance Project (RAP) supports the Polish regulator The Polish Energy Regulatory Office (URE) intends by 2015 to introduce changes to existing investment support mechanisms, including support for investments of considerable importance for the innovation of the power system. Quality-based regulation will ... Read More

Meeting Renewable Energy Targets in the West at Least Cost: The Integration Challenge

Partnering with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and Exeter Associates, RAP prepared a paper for the Western Governors’ Association that explores approaches for reducing costs to integrate wind and solar in the Western U.S., barriers to adopting these cost-saving measures, and possible state actions. Drawing from existing studies and experience to date,... Read More

Advisory Note: Balancing Framework Guidelines to Promote an Integrated, Low-Carbon, European Electricity Market

  RAP Europe prepared this advisory note to help frame the issues to be addressed in developing European guidelines and codes on electricity balancing.  In particular, it highlights the need for these rules to enable and encourage: Balancing products and services with the necessary flexible, dynamic capabilities, Balancing actions across all time... Read More

RAP’s Cowart Addresses EU’s Energy Ministers

Richard Cowart was invited by the European Union’s Danish Presidency, as the only outside speaker, to address a special meeting of the EU’s Energy Ministers at the end of April 2012 in Horsens (DK). He delivered a presentation on global experiences with Efficiency Obligations, and design options that could satisfy a range of Member State concerns with the EU... Read More

Policies for Energy Provider Delivery of Energy Efficiency (PEPDEE)

In partnership with the International Energy Agency (IEA), RAP supported a new work programme focused on energy efficiency and energy providers. Formulated under the auspices of the International Partnership on Energy Efficiency Cooperation (IPEEC) and led by the UK’s Department of Energy and Climate Change, the Policies for Energy Provider Delivery of Energy E... Read More

Beyond Capacity Markets: Delivering Capability Resources to Europe’s Decarbonising Power System

Delivering a reliable power supply to consumers has always been a central objective of power market design and various solutions to this challenge have been adopted in Europe and elsewhere. In the context of wholesale power markets, these solutions have generally taken the form of market rules to pay for firm capacity, alongside energy-only prices. A closer look ... Read More

Modeling a More Efficient Power Plant

In 2003, RAP first developed the concept of the efficiency power plant (EPP), a set of integrated energy efficiency programs whose savings mirror the output of a conventional power plant. This portfolio approach enables cost comparison with conventional electricity generation, allowing energy efficiency resources to be integrated into power sector planning and fi... Read More

Renewable Resources: Exploring the Best of the West

RAP works with the Western Governors’ Association on the Western Renewable Energy Zones (WREZ) project, which is funded by the US Department of Energy. The overall goal of the project is to develop areas in the Western US with vast, high-quality renewable resources and create a critical mass of transmission needs in the same timeframe for an efficient build-out... Read More

Market Mechanisms to Support Climate Goals

The most successful market-based mechanisms support programs that invest directly in energy efficiency. At a two-day workshop held in Beijing, RAP's David Crossley, Max Dupuy, and Eoin Lees were among the international speakers who explored the effectiveness of market mechanisms in achieving China's climate change goals. Experts from the European Union,... Read More

Clean First: Aligning Regulation with Environmental Goals

Power sector regulators will play a vital role in efforts to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the years ahead. Neither carbon taxes nor cap-and-trade policies alone will achieve the sizeable reductions of GHG emissions that are needed. RAP proposes that in regulatory decisions, clean  resources should get every reasonable preference over reso... Read More