Integrate to zero: Policies for on-site, on-road, on-grid distributed energy resource integration

Comments Off on Integrate to zero: Policies for on-site, on-road, on-grid distributed energy resource integration

To meet decarbonisation goals, global renewable power capacity will need to more than triple by 2030, according to leading energy agencies. Centralised renewable generation will not deliver this level of change on its own, nor should it. Distributed energy resources (DERs) such as heat pumps, electric vehicles, small-scale solar generation and battery storage are essential to ensuring that clean power is the most affordable and reliable option for all countries.

Distributed energy resources must be effectively integrated with the grid if they are to fulfil their potential. Integration allows them to be used flexibly to draw power from or feed power into the grid according to the value their flexibility provides to the electricity system. This reduces carbon emissions from fossil generation used to meet peaks in electricity demand, increases system resilience, and benefits all consumers through the lower prices resulting from avoided generation and network capacity costs.

RAP sets out four key policy approaches that will help promote the effective integration of behind-the-meter distributed energy resources:

  1. A strong set of enabling policies can remove barriers to DER integration. Together, they augment the flexibility potential of DERs and enable their participation in power system optimisation.
  2. Price signals should reflect power system optimisation needs. Payments for energy services should vary in proportion to how much, when and where they are used or delivered.
  3. Cost-reflective price signals should be combined with fair market access for distributed energy resources. With nondiscriminatory access to energy service markets and with pricing that reflects the full value of DERs, third-party service providers can shield consumers from price volatility in return for flexible management of DERs within agreed boundaries.
  4. International collaboration among policymakers and regulators can spread best practice. Cross-border knowledge transfer among regulators is a growing phenomenon and can help each place to find its own way, guided by local circumstances, politics and experience.

The authors explore each of these insights in greater detail. They also highlight best practices from around the world, with contributions from RAP colleagues Raj Addepalli, Max Dupuy and Jessica Shipley.

Shravya Reddy

Comments Off on Shravya Reddy

RAP’s Response to Coronavirus

Comments Off on RAP’s Response to Coronavirus

With the global situation changing daily, we feel it’s important to communicate how we plan to support our work during the coronavirus pandemic

  • We are monitoring and following the guidance of global authorities, including the WHO, and appropriate health ministries in each of the countries in which we work.
  • Our staff are equipped with the technology and systems to work from home and we are implementing a work-at-home approach where necessary.
  • We will continue to perform vital work remotely, with sensitivities to local conditions.
  • We are limiting travel and will follow the recommendations of applicable governments.

Please reach out to your RAP contact if you have any questions or concerns.

We hope our friends and colleagues around the world stay well during this challenging time.

Rich Sedano

President and CEO

Decarbonization of Electricity Requires Market-Based Demand Flexibility

Comments Off on Decarbonization of Electricity Requires Market-Based Demand Flexibility

To effectively decarbonize the electric sector, utilities will need to address the growing load shape challenges driven by the variability of many renewable resources. Behind-the-meter solutions, such as energy efficiency, demand response, electrification and storage, will play an important role in grid stability, but only if they can deliver changes in demand that meet the time and locational needs of the grid. Smart meter interval data, combined with open-source methods and software, can provide transparent measurement of savings load shapes (resource curves) that enable the integration of demand flexibility into energy, capacity and carbon markets, and as a transmission and distribution resource. This allows utilities to procure demand flexibility in the same way they procure other resources by leveraging a price signal and pay-for-performance to drive innovation and attract private investment.

This article (subscription or purchase required) was part of a special issue of Electricity Journal on the topic of energy optimization, guest-edited by RAP staff.


Comments Off on 国际电力市场改革季报



纽约:将碳成本纳入电力批发市场和调度过程:负责监管批发市场并在该州扮演“调度中心”和 “现货市场交易中心”角色的纽约独立系统运营商(NYISO)正在开发一种机制,将碳成本纳入系统运营。新机制将建立在已经使用的“经济调度”方法的基础上。和以前一样,NYISO将收集与每个可用资源相关的可变成本的信息,进行实时更新调度的“优先顺序” – 但现在NYISO将基于“社会的全部成本”,通过估算碳成本来增加每个化石能源发电机组的出价。如果该提案获得批准,纽约ISO市场将是第一个采用这种具体方法的区域批发市场。然而,作为碳排放限额和贸易计划的一部分,东北部许多州和加利福尼亚州已经在调度决策中包含了碳成本。从这个角度看,这与中国改革电力调度工作高度相关,实施现货市场的工作应以经济调度为中心。经济调度的核心逻辑是按照可变成本(理想的算法是可变成本包括社会排放成本)来安排调度。

英国:更新电网公司的商业模式:英国监管机构OFGEM最近一直在就输配电监管征求公众意见。多年来,英国已经开发了一个名为RIIO(收入=激励+创新+产出)的框架,其中包括几个重要的指标,如客户服务,网络拥堵成本和减排,激励电网公司通过良好绩效来盈利。现在, RIIO-2包含了额外的机制,鼓励电网公司追求终端用户能源效率项目的投资,作为“电杆和电线”投资的低成本替代方案。这种方法也在包括美国各州在内的世界其他地区采用,在输配电电价改革不断取得进展的中国也值得考虑。


印度:全国电力现货市场的新推动力中央电力监管委员会(CERC)已着手重建国家电力现货市场。 CERC的提案旨在优化现有国家资产的使用,如发电厂,输电线路和可再生能源发电,从而降低电力采购成本,提高效率,并整合更高的可再生能源发电份额。印度的市场改革工作对解决中国的问题有着启示作用,包括转向经济调度的需求和避免依赖“物理”性长期合同而阻碍电力部门的运营灵活性。


弗吉尼亚州:综合资源规划检验最低成本资源选择:在美国,综合资源规划(IRP)始于20世纪80年代,许多州现在以各种形式开展IRP。在IRP下,“公共事业单位”(电力公司)通过在平等的基础上评估可用的供给侧和需求侧资源,为满足客户能源服务需求制定了具有成本效益的计划。将需求侧资源(尤其是终端能效)纳入流程至关重要,因为用户节能项目通常是新建发电厂的低成本和更清洁的替代方案。去年12月,弗吉尼亚州政府电力监管委员会拒绝了该州主要公共事业单位的IRP草案,并要求该单位对“最低成本”方案进行更细致的分析,包括能效资源。这只是一个IRP流程的例子而已,我们提出这个例子是因为IRP 逻辑是一个电力改革的基本原则。中国国家能源局于2016年发布的《电力规划管理办法》为中国的规划工作指明了这些原则

PJM:市场监测机构要求联邦能源监管委员会修改市场规则:2月,PJM的独立市场监测机构向FERC正式提出修改市场规则的具体要求,以减少发电商操纵市场(市场力)的特定手段。市场监测机构在PJM和其他“RTO / ISO”市场(大致类似于中国正在开发的现货市场)中发挥着重要作用。这条新闻展示一个典型例子:在市场监测机构的所有权力和责任外,他们可以直接要求某些市场流程和规则的改变,以保证市场具有竞争性且运作良好。 监测机构通常以公开报告,与“RTO / ISO“官员和利益相关者的讨论或对FERC的正式请求的形式进行此操作。中国目前正在建设现货市场,可以考虑建立独立的市场监测机构

3月14日, Monitoring Analytics 有限责任公司(PJM独立市场监测机构)发布了2018年PJM市场状况报告。该报告是独立市场监测报告对PJM在13个州和哥伦比亚特区管理的批发电力市场竞争力的评估。该报告包括对每个PJM市场的市场结构,参与者行为和市场表现的分析。年度“市场状况报告”包含关于PJM市场运作的海量数据,它解释了数据透明度对于市场成功运作至关重要,这一点对于中国建设电力市场有重要的参考意义。美国所有的区域“ISO/RTO”批发市场都有内部或者外部的市场监测机构,负责发布季度或年度分析报告。


Market-based instruments for energy efficiency: a global review

Comments Off on Market-based instruments for energy efficiency: a global review

There is an increasing interest in the role so-called market-based instruments (MBIs) can play to deliver energy efficiency across the world. Their rising popularity among policymakers owes, in part, to their characteristics. They tend to be less prescriptive than traditional regulations and grants because they focus on the energy savings versus the means of delivery. Furthermore, policymakers’ objectives can potentially be met more cost-effectively through the direct involvement of profit-maximising companies, either as obligated parties or auction bidders. In the case of obligations, the costs to utilities do not appear on government balance sheets, as utilities pass on their costs to consumers through energy prices.

While these characteristics can also create some challenges for policymakers, the uptake of MBIs has not yet slowed as a result. The freedom given to private sector actors to discover the most cost-effective means of generating energy savings can lead to delivery through a concentration of particular technology types, especially if their costs decline quickly. This puts a premium on good programme design, with regular evidence-based reviews and, in many cases, limits on the amount of energy savings that can be claimed by individual technologies. Another issue related to obligations is that instruments funded through energy prices are potentially more regressive than those funded through general taxation, given that poorer households tend to consume more energy as a proportion of their incomes. A number of programmes have elements targeted at fuel poor households, while other policymakers have employed explicit redistribution policies aimed at lowering the energy bills paid by poorer households.

In a groundbreaking effort, the authors provide a global assessment of the impact of MBIs for energy efficiency in terms of investment, energy savings, and cost-effectiveness. Our analysis of 52 different instruments from across the world shows that MBIs are becoming increasingly important in terms of their number, global coverage, energy savings, and investment triggered.

睿博能源智库欧洲项目主任Jan Rosenow博士当选ECEEE理事会成员

Comments Off on 睿博能源智库欧洲项目主任Jan Rosenow博士当选ECEEE理事会成员

近日,欧洲能效经济委员会(ECEEE)任命 睿博能源智库(RAP)欧洲项目主任Jan Rosenow博士担任理事会成员。


ECEEE执行董事Nils Borg先生对Rosenow博士的任命表示欢迎,并强调“Jan对监管和欧洲能源政策有着深入的了解。他还有政策研究和参与政策制定的背景。他曾多次参加ECEEE举办的‘夏季研讨会’,对ECEEE非常了解。”

Rosenow博士说, “ECEEE在能源转型和低碳化进程中起着至关重要的作用,我很高兴和他们一起工作多年,也很荣幸被赋予这个重要的角色。”




Next-Generation Performance-Based Regulation: Volume 1 (Introduction—Global Lessons for Success)

Comments Off on Next-Generation Performance-Based Regulation: Volume 1 (Introduction—Global Lessons for Success)

​This report, the first of three volumes of Next-Generation Performance-Based Regulation: Emphasizing Utility Performance to Unleash Power Sector Innovation, examines the concept of performance-based regulation (PBR) and how it can provide a framework to connect goals, targets, and measures to utility performance or executive compensation. It examines leading examples of PBR from around the world, including the United Kingdom’s Revenue = Incentives + Innovation + Outputs (RIIO) program, New York’s Reforming the Energy Vision (REV), and other successful initiatives in Denmark, Mexico, and South Africa. It also examines what regulators have learned from experience with early forms of PBR, finding that incentive measures need to be simply designed, predictable, clearly measurable, and sized in alignment with desired results. Rewards or penalties may be set too high or low initially, so a successful PBR program also needs to be adjustable.

The Next-Generation Performance-Based Regulation full report was published in 2017 as a collaboration between the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and RAP, part of the 21st Century Power Partnership initiative.

Next-Generation Performance-Based Regulation: Volume 2 (Primer—Essential Elements of Design and Implementation)

Comments Off on Next-Generation Performance-Based Regulation: Volume 2 (Primer—Essential Elements of Design and Implementation)

​This report, the second of three volumes of Next-Generation Performance-Based Regulation: Emphasizing Utility Performance to Unleash Power Sector Innovation, focuses on best practices for design, development, and implementation of performance-based regulation mechanisms. It begins by laying the groundwork for understanding the incentives inherent in institutional arrangements, especially utility composition and ownership structure. It then builds on that understanding to outline best practices for the development and design of successful performance-based regulation (PBR) mechanisms. There is no “cookbook” to create a PBR mechanism, because specific jurisdictional considerations require modification and thought, but the report lists various PBR design elements that could be incorporated into specific jurisdictions.

The Next-Generation Performance-Based Regulation full report was published in 2017 as a collaboration between the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and RAP, part of the 21st Century Power Partnership initiative.​